### Postselection

In probability theory, to postselect is to condition a probability space upon the occurrence of a given event. In symbols, once we postselect for an event E, the probability of some other event F changes from Pr[F] to the conditional probability Pr[F|E].
For a discrete probability space, Pr[F|E] = Pr[F and E]/Pr[E], and thus we require that Pr[E] be strictly positive in order for the postselection to be well-defined.
See also PostBQP, a complexity class defined with postselection. Using postselection it seems quantum Turing machines are much more powerful: Scott Aaronson proved[1][2] PostBQP is equal to PP.
Some quantum experiments[3] use post-selection after the experiment as a replacement for communication during the experiment, by post-selecting the communicated value into a constant.

References

^ Aaronson, Scott (2005). “Quantum computing, postselection, and probabilistic polynomial-time”. Proceedings of the Royal Society A. 461 (2063): 3473–3482. doi:10.1098/rspa.2005.1546. . Preprint available at [1]
^ Aaronson, Scott (2004-01-11). “Complexity Class of the Week: PP”. Computational Complexity Weblog. Retrieved 2008-05-02.
^ Hensen; et al. “Loophole-free Bell inequality violation using electron spins separated by 1.3 kilometres”. Nature. 526: 682–686. doi:10.1038/nature15759.

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### Sonofabitch stew

Son-of-a-bitch stew

Type
Stew

Place of origin
United States

Region or state
Western United States

Main ingredients
Beef, offal, marrow gut

Cookbook: Son-of-a-bitch stew  Media: Son-of-a-bitch stew

Sonofabitch stew (or son-of-a-bitch stew) was a cowboy dish of the American West.

Contents

1 Recipes
2 Alternative Names
4 References
5 Notes

Recipes
A beef stew, various recipes exist, and some sources say its ingredients may vary according to whatever is on hand. Most recipes involve meat and offal from a calf, though, making sonofabitch stew something of a luxury item on the trail. Alan Davidson’s Oxford Companion to Food specifies meats and organs from a freshly killed unweaned calf, including the brain, heart, liver, sweetbreads, tongue, pieces of tenderloin, and an item called the “marrow gut” and lots of Louisiana hot sauce.
This last item, the “marrow gut”, was a key ingredient. Davidson quotes Ramon Adam’s 1952 Come An’ Get It: The Story of the Old Cowboy Cook, which reports that this is a tube, between two of the calf’s stomachs, filled with a substance resembling marrow, deemed edible only while the calf is young and still feeding on milk. This marrow-like substance was included in the stew and, according to Adams, was “what gave the stew such a delicious flavor”. Davidson says this “marrow gut” probably was the passage leading to the abomasum as well as the abomasum itself (said to have a “distinctive flavour of rennin-curdled milk”).
The stew also contained seasonings and sometimes onion.
Frank X. Tolbert’s 1962 history of chili con carne, A Bowl of Red, discusses sonofabitch stew as well.[1] Tolbert suggests that the chuck wagon cooks borrowed the idea for the stew from the cooking of the Plains Indians. He also specifies a recipe that never includes onions, tomatoes, or potatoes.
Alternative Names
In addition to “sonofabitch stew”, the dish was known as “rascal stew”, “SOB stew”, or fitted with the name of any unpopular figure at the time: for example, “Cleveland stew” in honor of Grover Cleveland, a president in disfavor with the cowboys displaced from the Cherokee Strip. “In the presence of ladies”, reports a 1942 Gourmet magazine piece, the dish was commonly called “son-of-a-gun stew” instead.[2] The “polite” name is used in the Gunsmoke episode “Long, Long Trail” (7.6).

List of stews

References

Davidson, Alan (1999). “Sonofabitch Stew”. The Oxford Companion to Food. Oxfor

Former settlement

Location in California

Coordinates: 40°47′45″N 120°42′50″W﻿ / ﻿40.79583°N 120.71389°W﻿ / 40.79583; -120.71389Coordinates: 40°47′45″N 120°42′50″W﻿ / ﻿40.79583°N 120.71389°W﻿ / 40.79583; -120.71389

Country
United States

State
California

County
Lassen County

Madeline is a former settlement in Lassen County, California.[1] It was located 26 miles (42 km) north of Susanville.[1]
References

^ a b Durham, David L. (1998). California’s Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 397. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.

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Municipalities and communities of Lassen County, California, United States

County seat: Susanville

City

Susanville

CDPs

Bieber
Clear Creek
Doyle
Herlong
Janesville
Johnstonville
Litchfield
Milford
Nubieber
Patton Village
Spaulding
Westwood

Unincorporated
communities

Avery Place
Avila Place
Belfast
Big Valley
Brockman
Buntingville
Calneva
Coppervale
Crest
Dan Ryan Place
Dixie
Evans Place
Hallelujah Junction
Halls Flat
Hayden Hill
Herlong Junction
Horse Lake
Hot Springs
Jellico
Karlo
Lasco
Leavitt
Leonard
Little Valley
Moran
Norvell
Omira
Pine Town
Pinnio
Plumas
Pumpkin Center
Ravendale
Reno Junction
Robbers Creek
Sage Hen
Scotts
Scotty Place
Shumway
Stacy
Standish
Stones Landing
Termo
The Crossing
Viewland
Wendel
Westwood Junction

Indian reservation

Susanville Indian Rancheria

Ghost towns

Antelope
Argusville
Ashton
Atola
Bunnel
Camero
Chats
Clinton
Conman
Constantia
Cromwell
Cuba
Datura
Dayton
Dewitt
Edgemont
Evan’s Ranch
Fredonia
Gest
Goumaz
Hillside
Hausen
Junction House
Juniper
Lake Greeno
Lake Nokopen
Long Valley
Mapes
Molitor
Moll Ranch
Murray
Plumas Junction
Prockmans
Purser
Rayl
Red Camp
Roscoe
Sellicks Springs
Secret Springs
Sheep Springs
Soldier’s Bridge
Tiptons Springs
Waverly
Wheaton

This Lassen County, California-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

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### Club Deportivo Universidad César Vallejo

UCV

Full name

Nickname(s)
Los Poetas (The Poets)

Founded
January 6, 1996

Ground
Trujillo, Peru

Ground Capacity
25,000

President
Cesar Acuña Peralta

Manager
Ángel Comizzo

League
Peruvian Segunda División(2017)

2016

Website

Home colours

Away colours

Third colours

Club Deportivo Universidad César Vallejo is a Peruvian football club located in Trujillo. The club was founded on January 6, 1996 and was promoted in 2003, through the Copa Perú, to the Peruvian First Division and relegated in 2005. In 2007, they were Segunda División champions and were promoted to the first division again.

Contents

1 History
3 Honours

3.1 National
3.2 Regional
3.3 Friendly International
3.4 Under-20 team

4 Performance in CONMEBOL competitions
6 Notable players
7 Managers
9 References

History
The club was founded in January 6, 1996 representing Cesar Vallejo University and first participated in the championship of the third division of Trujillo at the end of 1996 and the team managed to crown champion of the tournament in 1997. In the year 1998, champion of the second division was crowned of Trujillo and won the privilege to participate, at the age of two years since foundation. Vallejo participated for the first time in the tournament of first division in the year 1999. They did quite well and even occupied the third position of the tournament. In its second year in first division, Vallejo had the respect of the large teams of the city was won of Trujillo, like the Carlos A. Mannucci, Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego, Alfonso Ugarte, among others. To surprise of many came, they fight the title with the Universidad Priavada Antenor Orrego and achieved the subchampionship.
In its campaign 2001 came be Departamental, Provincial, and Local champion. In the regional phase of the Copa Perú, was faced to the traditional Universidad Técnica de Cajamarca and José Gálvez FBC of Chimbote to whom was defeated. Then, in the encounters by the national phase le

Märta Elvira Adlerz (later Hermansson, April 3, 1897 – February 28, 1979) was a Swedish diver who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics and in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
She was born in Stockholm and died in Bromma.
In 1912 she was eliminated in the first round of the 10 metre platform competition.
Eight years later she was again eliminated in the first round of the 10 metre platform event.
She was the younger sister of Erik Adlerz, who was also an olympic swimmer.

profile

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### Laurie Williams

Laurie Williams may refer to:

Laurie Williams (cricketer) (1968–2002), West Indian male cricketer

This disambiguation page lists articles about people with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.

### Tuz-Bel

Tuz-Bel

Tuz-Bel

Coordinates: 40°33′36″N 73°21′0″E﻿ / ﻿40.56000°N 73.35000°E﻿ / 40.56000; 73.35000Coordinates: 40°33′36″N 73°21′0″E﻿ / ﻿40.56000°N 73.35000°E﻿ / 40.56000; 73.35000

Country
Kyrgyzstan

Region
Osh Region

District
Uzgen District

Elevation
1,959 m (6,427 ft)

Population (2009)

• Total
1,647

Time zone
UTC +5

Tuz-Bel is a village in Osh Region of Kyrgyzstan. Its population was 1,647 in 2009.[1]
References

^ 2009 population census of the Kyrgyz Republic: Osh Region at the Wayback Machine (archived 2011-08-10)

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Populated places in Uzgen District, Osh Region

Seat: Uzgen

Cities

Uzgen

Villages

15 Jash
Ak-Jar
Ak-Kyya
Ak-Terek
Ak-Terek
Ak-Terek
Alga
Altyn-Bulak
Ana-Kyzyl
Ara-Köl
Ayuu
Babashuulu
Babyr
Bakmal
Besh-Abyshka
Böksö-Jol
Bolshevik
Boston
Chalk-Öydö
Changet
Chechebay
Chimbay
Den-Bulak
Donuz-Too
Elchibek
Erdik
Erkin-Too
Guzar
Imeni Karla Marksa
Imeni Kirova
Iyrek
Jangakty
Jangy-Ayyl
Jangy-Jol
Jazy
Jeerenchi
Jiyde
Jylandy
Kakyr
Kalta
Kandava
Kara-Batkak
Kara-Daryya
Kara-Dyykan
Kara-Kolot
Karchabek
Karool
Kayrat
Kengesh
Kochkor-Ata
Korgon
Kors-Etti
Kosh-Eter
Kosh-Korgon
Krasny Mayak
Kreml
Kurbu-Tash
Kurshab
Kurshab
Kuturgan
Kyrgyzstan
Kysyk-Alma
Kyymyl
Kyzyl-Bayrak
Kyzyl-Charba
Kyzyl-Dyykan
Kyzyl-Kyrman
Kyzyl-Oktyabr
Kyzyl-Sengir
Kyzyl-Too
Makarenko
Michurino
Myrza-Ake
Myrza-Aryk
Nichke-Say
Orkazgan
Orto-Aryk
Östürüü
Özgörüsh
Progress
Salamalik
Sasyk-Bulak
Semiz-Köl
Shagym
Shamal-Terek
Sheraly
Shoro-Bashat
Staraya Pokrovka
Tash-Bashat
Toktogul
Töölös
Tuz-Bel
Üchkaptal
Üngkür
Yassy
Yntymak
Zarger

This Osh Region location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

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### Tufail Shahid Halt railway station

Tufail Shahid Halt railway station

Owned by
Ministry of Railways

Other information

Station code
TESD[1]

History

Previous names
Great Indian Peninsula Railway

Tufail Shahid Halt railway station (Urdu: طفیل شاہدہالٹ ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎) is located in Pakistan.

List of railway stations in Pakistan
Pakistan Railways

References

^ Official Web Site of Pakistan Railways

Official Web Site of Pakistan Railways

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Railway stations in Pakistan

Railway stations by province

Balochistan

Aab-e-gum
Ahmedwal
Alam Reg
Beleli
Bostan
Chaman
Dalbandin
Damboli
Dera Allah Yar
Dingra
Dozan
Galangur
Gat
Gulistan
Hirok
Kishingi
Koh-e-Taftan
Kolpur
Kuchlak
Mach
Mangoli
Mirjaveh
Mushkaf
Nok Kundi
Nushki
Nuttall
Perak
Pehro Kunri
Panir
Peshi
Qilla Abdullah
Quetta
Sar-i-Ab
Sheikh Mandah
Sheikh Wasil
Sibi Junction
Spezand Junction
Shela Bagh
Tozghi
Wali Khan
Yakmach
Yaru

Tribal Areas

Shahgai
Landi Khana
Landi Kotal

Capital Territory

Golra Sharif Junction

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Akora Khattak
Baldher
Burhan
Hayat Sher Pao Shahid
Haripur Hazara
Havelian
Jamrud
Khushhal
Kot Najib Ullah
Mardan Junction
Nasarpur
Nowshera Junction
Peshawar City
Peshawar Cantonment
Pir Piai
Pabbi
Rumian
Sanjwal
Serai Saleh
Taru Jabba

Punjab

Attock City Junction
Attock Khurd
Bahawalpur
Chiniot
Gujar Khan
Gujrat
Jallo
Khanewal Junction
Khanpur
Lahore Junction
Lahore Cantonment
Liaquat Pur
Moghalpura Junction
Mudduki
Multan Cantonment
Rahim Yar Khan
Rawalpindi
Sargodha Junction
Sialkot Junction
Vehari
Wagah

Sindh

Allahdino Sand
Bandhi
Begmanji
Bholari
Bin Qasim
Bucheri
Chor
Dabheji
Daharki
Dandot
Daur
Departure Yard
Detha
Gambat
Ghotki
Gosarji
Habib Kot
Jalal Marri
Jamrao Junction
Jhimpir
Jummah Goth
Jungshahi
Karachi Cantonment
Karachi City
Khairpur
Khokhrapar
Kiamari
Kotri Junction
Kot Lalloo
Landhi Junction
Lundo
Machi Goth
Mando Dairo
Mahesar
Mahrabpur Junction
Malir Cantonment
Matli
Meting
Mirpur Mathelo
Mirpur Khas
Nawabshah Junction
Norai Sharif
Oderolal
Pano Akil
Palijani
Pir Katpar
Pithoro Junction
Ran Pethani
Ranipur Riyasat
Reti
Rohri Junction

일산오피

### Groapa River (Barcău)

Groapa River

River

Countries
Romania

Counties
Sălaj County

Mouth
Barcău

- location
Zăuan

- coordinates
47°13′17″N 22°38′19″E﻿ / ﻿47.2215°N 22.6385°E﻿ / 47.2215; 22.6385Coordinates: 47°13′17″N 22°38′19″E﻿ / ﻿47.2215°N 22.6385°E﻿ / 47.2215; 22.6385

Progression
Barcău→ Crișul Repede→ Körös→ Tisza→ Danube→ Black Sea

The Groapa River is a left tributary of the river Barcău in Romania. It discharges into the Barcău in Zăuan.
References

Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie – Rîurile României – București 1971

Maps

Județul Sălaj – Harta interactiva [1]

This article related to a river in Sălaj County is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

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일산오피

### List of Marathi films of 2002

Marathi cinema

All-time

1910s

1910-1919

1920s

1920 1921 1922 1923 1924
1925 1926 1927 1928 1929

1930s

1930 1931 1932 1933 1934
1935 1936 1937 1938 1939

1940s

1940 1941 1942 1943 1944
1945 1946 1947 1948 1949

1950s

1950 1951 1952 1953 1954
1955 1956 1957 1958 1959

1960s

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964
1965 1966 1967 1968 1969

1970s

1970 1971 1972 1973 1974
1975 1976 1977 1978 1979

1980s

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

1990s

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

2000s

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

2010s

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
2015 2016 2017

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A list of films produced by the Marathi language film industry based in Maharashtra in the year 2002.
2002 Releases
A list of Marathi films released in 2002.

Year
Film
Director
Cast
Release Date
Producer
Notes
Source

2002

Vaastupurush
Sumitra Bhave, Sunil Sukthankar
Sadashiv Amrapurkar, Uttara Baokar, Siddharth Daftardar

National Film Development Corporation of India
National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Marathi in 2002
[1]

Dahavi Fa
Sumitra Bhave, Sunil Sukthankar
Atul Kulkarni, Jyoti Subhash, Milind Gunaji
17 February 2002
Sunil Sukthankar

[2]

Bhet
Chandrakant Kulkarni
Atul Kulkarni, Tushar Dalvi, Vijay Divan, Manjusha Godse
31 May 2002 (India)
Everest Entertainment

[3]

Owalini
Dr. Babasaheb Powar
Chetan Dalvi, Alka Inamdar, Alka Kubal
26 April 2002 (India)
Everest Entertainment

[4]

References

^ yogesh-kalyankar (29 August 2015). “Vaastupurush (2002) – IMDb”. IMDb.
^ “Dahavi pha (2002)”. IMDb. 29 August 2015.
^ “Bhet (2002)”. IMDb. 31 May 2002.
^ “Owalini (2002)”. IMDb. 26 April 2002.

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Cinema of India

Industries

Assamese
Bengal
Chhattisgarhi
Bhojpuri
Dogri
Gujarati
Hindi
Kashmiri
Konkani
Malayalam
Meitei
Marathi
Oriya
Punjabi
Rajasthani
Tamil
Telugu
Tulu

Indian films

Assamese
Bengali
Bhojpuri
English
Gujarati
Hindi
Konkani
Malayalam
Meitei
Marathi
Oriya
Punjabi
Sindhi
Tamil
Telugu
Tulu
Urdu

Other topics

Actors
Art Directors
Awards
Directors
Choreographers
Cinematographers
Composers
Costume designers
Editors
Festivals
Lyricists
Playback singers
Producers
Screenwriters
Studios

List of Indian film series
Science fiction films in India
Highest-grossing films
Most expensive films

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Films by country

Africa

Central

Angola
Central African Republic
Cha
부산오피